Maximilian II (31 July, 1527, Vienna - 12 October, 1576, Regensburg)

Maximilian II
He was a German-Roman emperor, Czech and Hungarian king (1564-1576). He was the son of Ferdinand I, emperor and Hungarian king. He got the nickname "mystical emperor" because of his strange way of thinking. He supported the Lutheran trend of Reformation and with this he became totally different from his predecessors and successors. At the same time, he visited Hungary several times as heir apparent, and in his father's absence he organised the border defence against the Turks in the 1550s. During his reign the great Turkish wars and campaign were brought to an end with the peace treaty of Drinapoles in 1568. The period of peace brought the opportunity for development of Hungary, a country torn into three parts.